- > 100 ft
Some smaller areas of crops, vineyards and orchards
Some low density residential land adjacent (overlooking) to the site
- Protects biological diverse wetland flora, fauna and/or their habitat
- Supports significant numbers of wetland-dependent fauna, such as water birds or fish
Winton Wetlands are a series of thirty temporary and intermittent wetlands, the smallest being 2 ha and the largest being Winton Swamp at 1,800 ha. Winton contains the largest communities of open cane grasslands and river redgum wetlands in the region, all set within a natural features reserve of 8,750 ha. Constructed habitats include the Mokoan Ponds, deep enough to hold permanent water.
Winton Wetlands contains 3,800 ha of wetlands, supporting the largest area of seasonal/intermittent freshwater lakes in the region, and is surrounded by 4,950 ha of water dependent river red gum and box grassy woodlands. Winton, Sergeants and Greens Swamps cover some 3,000 ha of seasonally inundated lakes, and are not well-represented in protected wetlands sites within the broader landscape (Murray-Darling Basin).
Nineteen of the thirty wetlands recorded ‘excellent’ overall condition in an assessment of the wetland condition (Hamilton 2013) containing unaltered hydrology and bathymetry, excellent water quality, diverse indigenous flora, and largely undisturbed vegetation buffers. The site supports 180 native species of birds, fish, frogs, reptiles, bats and plants. Winton Wetlands is among the largest ephemeral wetlands in Victoria, and with its diversity of habitat and restoration in progress, qualifies for State significance for biodiversity conservation (Barlow 2011). In addition, at least twenty-nine species listed under Victorian state Legislation are endangered or at risk.
- Maintains ecological connectivity/cohesion
- Recreation (birdwatching, ecotourism)
- Inland Fresh Seasonally Flooded Basin/Flat
- Inland Fresh Meadow
- Inland Shallow Fresh Marsh
- Inland Deep Fresh Marsh
- Inland Open Fresh Water
- Inland Fresh Wooded Swamp
Dark gradational calcareous clays are found on swamp floors and similarly gilgai soils in slightly more elevated areas where wetting and drying is common. Drainage lines traverse highly dispersive soils surrounding wetlands. Wind-blown (aeolian) material accumulated on the eastern side of Winton Swamp forming south-easterly lunettes in the Murray-Darling Basin. Slopes running off adjacent hills are gravelly outwash material (colluvial pediments) overlying yellow and red clays.
The soils of the site are a cracking clays with a organic layer in active wetland sites. No publications exist on soil type.