Chamberlain Lake Nature Preserve

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Contact Information
Applicant First Name: Scott Namestnik
Applicant E-mail Address: snamestnik@orbisec.com
General Information
Criteria:
  • Protects biological diverse wetland flora, fauna and/or their habitat
  • Supports significant numbers of wetland-dependent fauna, such as water birds or fish
  • Rare or unique wetland type within its own biogeographical region. (Meeting this criteria would include, but is not limited to, wetlands with unique hydrology or chemistry that make it rare within its own region)

The wetland at Chamberlain Lake Nature Preserve is situatued geologically within a glacial kettle lake that is in part protected by the Indiana Department of Natural Resources - Division of Nature Preserves as a State Dedicated Nature Preserve.  This lake/wetland is the most unique and the southernmost in the chain of lakes west of South Bend that continue north into southern Michigan.  Concentric zones of open lake and submergent marsh are surrounded by a floating sedge muck mat (muck flat community) that sits over a sandy bottom shallow lake; these communities are surrounded for much of their perimeter by swamp forest.  Characteristic plant species in the lake and on the floating mat include Brasenia schreberi, Calamagrostis canadensis, Cladium mariscoides, Juncus canadensis, Lycopus uniflorus, Nuphar advena, Nymphaea tuberosa, Rhynchospora capitellata, and Spiraea tomentosa; Acer rubrum is dominant in the swamp forest.  Twelve (12) coastal plain disjunct plant species (including Eleocharis melanocarpa, Fuirena pumila, Juncus militaris, Potamogeton bicupulatus, Rhynchospora macrostachya, Rhynchospora scirpoides, and Xyris difformis) and 18 Indiana Endangered, Threatened, and Rare plant species (including Drosera intermedia, Eleocharis robbinsii, Eriocaulon aquaticum, Juncus pelocarpus, Myriophyllum pinnatum, Schoenoplectiella purshiana, and Utricularia purpurea) have been documented within the wetland, and numerous other conservative wetland plant species are present.  Acris blanchardi, which is a Special Concern species in Indiana and which is rare in the northwest and northcentral part of the state, is common in Chamberlain Lake, and 10 other frog and toad species have been documented.  Sixty-three (63) bird species have been reported through casual suveys, including four Indiana Endangerd/Special Concern species (Calidris alpina, Calidris fuscicollis, Caprimulgus vociferus, and Grus canadensis). As a result of all of these factors, in their account of Eriocaulon septangulare in the 1994 Plants of the Chicago Region, Floyd Swink and Gerould Wilhelm referred to Chamberlain Lake as "unique to the planet."

Exemplary Ecosystem Services:
  • Maintains ecological connectivity/cohesion
  • Recreation (birdwatching, ecotourism)
  • Flood storage/mitigation
  • Water quality improvement
  • Education
Conservation Status and Threats
Conservation status: Other
Adjacent Land Use: Residential - medium density
Approximate natural buffer width:
  • > 100 ft
If Other: state nature preserve and private
Ecology
Approximate size: 30
General wetland characterization:
  • Inland Fresh Seasonally Flooded Basin/Flat
  • Inland Fresh Meadow
  • Inland Deep Fresh Marsh
  • Inland Open Fresh Water
  • Inland Fresh Wooded Swamp
Name of body of water: Chamberlain Lake
Surficial Geology:

muck over sand and gravel

Soils:

water; Adrian muck, undrained, 0-1% slopes; Gilford sandy loam, 0-2% slopes, gravelly subsoil

Flora and Fauna
Dominant flora: Brasenia schreberi, Calamagrostis canadensis, Cladium mariscoides, Juncus canadensis, Lycopus uniflorus, Nuphar advena, Nymphaea tuberosa, Rhynchospora capitellata, and Spiraea tomentosa; Acer rubrum in surrounding swamp forest
Unique flora: Drosera intermedia, Eleocharis melanocarpa, Eleocharis robbinsii, Eriocaulon aquaticum, Fuirena pumila, Juncus militaris, Juncus pelocarpus, Myriophyllum pinnatum, Potamogeton bicupulatus, Rhynchospora macrostachya, Rhynchospora scirpoides, Schoenoplectiella purshiana, Utricularia purpurea, Xyris difformis
Dominant fauna: Spring Peeper, Blanchard's Cricket Frog, Eastern Gray Treefrog, Green Frog, Red-winged Blackbird
Rare fauna: Sandhill Crane, Dunlin, White-rumped Sandpiper, Eastern Whip-Poor-Will
Additional Information
Please upload your first piece of evidence: Eriocaulon account.pdf
Please upload your first piece of evidence: corridor and lakes.pdf
Address:
crumstown, indiana

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