Fortynine Meadows is a 391-acre subalpine peatland at 4,920 ft. elevation, consisting of forested, scrub-shrub and herbaceous plant community classes. The site is located in Idaho's Panhandle National Forest, on Meadow Creek and Little North Fork Clearwater River near Breezy Saddle, 15 mi. S. of Avery, ID. The wetland type, subalpine peatlands, is considered rare in Idaho and the Pacific Northwest. This remote, relatively intact wetland provides a stable foundation for a variety of uncommon flora and fauna species, including listed fish species, firethread sedge and sphagnum mosses.
Exemplary Ecosystem Services
Maintains ecological connectivity/cohesion
Aesthetic/Cultural Heritage Value/Provisioning
Conservation Status and Threats
Conservation statusState Protection
Adjacent land useUpland Forest/Woodland
Approximate natural buffer width> 100 ft
Fortynine Meadows is a Research Natural Area within the St. Joe National Forest
Approximate size (ha):158 ha
General wetland characterization:Inland Fresh Bog
Adjacent water bod(iess)Pond, Stream
Approximate stream order
Name of body of waterMeadow Creek / Little N. Fork Clearwater River
Surficial geology is granite and limestone overlain in areas by volcanic ash.
Soils consist of Beaverpass-Handoff-Hucberit families complex (NRCS). Beaverpass soils formed in concave depressions of alluvium over residuum weathered from granite. These soils typically support bogs. Handoff soils are found in concave-linear landforms. Parent material is volcanic ash over residuum weathered from metasedimentary rock. Hucberit soils are typically found in concave-linear landforms along valley walls. Parent material is volcanic ash over residuum weathered from metasedimentary rock.
Flora and Fauna
Dominant florafirethread sedge (Carex prionophylla), sphagnum mosses
Unique floraKalmia microphylla, Caltha biflora, Drosera rotundifolium, ...
Dominant fauna27 species of macroinvertebrates recorded
Rare faunaEphemerella sp.